TSPSC AEO Agricultural Engineering Syllabus 2017
PAPER-II: AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING (DIPLOMA LEVEL)
UNIT I: SURVEYING AND LEVELLING
Surveying: Concept and purpose, linear and angular measurements- Fundamental principles of surveying- Classification of survey and purpose of field work.
Chain Survey: Purpose and principle, equipment used – Errors – Ranging types – Recording field notes – Obstacles in chaining – Calculation of area of irregular field.
Compass surveying: Purpose and principle, working and uses – Concept of true and magnetic meridians – Types of bearings – Conversion of bearings. Declination – conversion of magnetic and true bearings.
Leveling: Operation, terms and Components -Temporary adjustments – methods to find Reduced level – Classification of Levelling – Contour map: Uses and Characteristics.
Theodolite survey: Introduction, classification, Basic definitions, Reading of vernier scales. Trigonometric leveling:
Reading of vertical angles, Measurement of vertical angle, Index error, Importance of reading with both faces – Tacheometric surveying: Introduction, purpose, instruments used, different tacheometric constants – Curves: classification, degree and radians of the curves, elements of curves- Global Position System (GPS).
UNIT II: HYDROLOGY AND SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING
Hydrology: Application, hydrologic cycle, Forms of precipitation and its measurement – Probability analysis of rainfall – Average depth of rainfall over an area.
Soil erosion by water and wind: Types, ill effects.
Erosion control measures: Design and construction of contour and graded bunds, grassed waterways, Bench terraces, Contour trenches and contour stone walls – Runoff estimation methods – Velocity of water in open channels. Hydrographs – Unit hydrograph. – Est imation of soil loss, Universal soil loss equation – Design of drop spillways – Water harvesting – Land capability classification.
Watershed: Definition, identification, delineation and physiographic characteristics – Management of agricultural waters heds – Integrating soil and water conservation measures into watershed development – Participatory watershed development capacity building – Monitoring and evaluation of watershed projects in Telangana State.
UNIT III: IRRIGATION AND DRINAGE
Irrigation: Necessity and development in India – Present status of water sources – Surface irrigation methods in Telangana State – Sprinkler and Drip irrigation systems: Types, advantages and disadvantages, adoptability, Hydraulics, Planning and design Installation, Operation and Maintenance and Troubles and remedies – Fertigation
equipment- Types of Emitters, Emitter flow Equation – Distribution Uniformity and irrigation Efficiency – Field evaluation of the system – Cost estimation of drip irrigation system for row and orchards Drainage: Objectives, Causes and effects, Control of water logging, Interrelationship of irrigation and drainage.
Surface drainage system: Factors effecting surface drainage and drainage coefficient, different types and their design. Sub surface drainage system: types of drainage systems and their design.
Fluid: Classification, Properties, Dimensions, Fluid pressure Measurement – Piezometer tube – Types of manometers, Mechanical gauges-Kinematics of fluid flow-Dynamics of fluid flow – Bemoulli’s theorem- Euler’
s equation of motion – Venturimeter -Pitot tube – Orifice meter – Flow through orifices (Measurement of Discharge) – Flow through mouth pieces, simple pipes and open channels – Flow over Notches and weirs.
Pump sets: Components, working, repairs and maintenance of Centrifugal, Turbine and Submersible pump sets.
UNIT IV: RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Farm power: Different sources – Advantages and disadvantages – Types and need renewable sources of energy.
Solar energy: Solar energy collection, Types of collectors, Methods of storing solar energy, water heater, power generation, refrigeration system, space cooling and heating, Solar still, cooker, Solar water pumping system, lantern, street light and fencing. Solar dryer.
Wind energy: Classification, Wind mill for water pumping (wind pump) and electric power generation (wind turbine) – Horizontal and Vertical axis wind mills.
Solid waste management: Sources and different types of waste – Recovery of energy from MSW-Recycling process – Advantages and disadvantages of recycling of a product. Bio energy – Biomass Classification, Importance and characteristics – Pyrolysis and gasification – Types and construction and working of briquetting machines – Shredding machines -Types of gasifiers and their construction and working of principle – Principle of biogas production – Phases of anaerobic digestion – Advantages, disadvantages and uses – Classification of biogas p
lants – Construction and maintenance of KVIC and Janatha type biogas plants – Bio fuels – Biodiesel production
processes from Jatropha and Pongamia – Ethanol production from sugarcane and corn.
UNIT V: WORKSHOP TECHNOLOGY
Workshop technology: Introduction, Basic workshop process, Carpentry, Bench work and fitting – Smithy and forging – Sheet metal – Mechanical working of metals – Carpentry – Planning tools – Carpentry process – Fitting – Cutting tools – Drill bits – Gauges – Hammers – Sheet metal operations .
Foundry: Introduction, Advantages and disadvantages – Process of producing castings – Hand moulding tools, classification of moulding sand – Properties of mouldings and – Moulding procedure – Defects in castings – Safety precautions in foundry shop- Work holding devices – Types of drills – Description and functions of lathe parts –
Specification of power hack saw – Methods of sawing -Functions of lathe – types of lathes Production lathes – Automatic and semi automatic lathes – Shaping machine.
Internal Combustion Engines : Working cycle of 4- stroke(4-S) diesel and petrol engines – Working cycle of 2-stroke(2-S) Petrol Engine-Comparison between 4-S and 2-S Engines – Distinguish diesel and petrol Engines –
Different systems of IC engines (Fuel Supply, Ignition, Cooling ,Lubrication systems.)
UNIT VI: AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY
Animal and Tractor drawn primary and secondary tillage implements: Functions, Components, Working, Adjustments and Repair & Maintenance – Land development implements: Types, Uses and Working – Animal and T
ractor drawn seed cum fertilizer drills: Functions, Components, Working, Adjustments and Repair & Maintenance
Transplanting machinery: Functions, Components, Working, Adjustments and Repair & Maintenance.
Combine harvester: Functions, Components, Working, Adjustments and Repair & Maintenance – Harvesting machinery for corn, sugar cane, cotton and root crops: Functions, Components, Working, Adjustments and Rep
air & Maintenance – Fruit harvesters: Functions, Components, Working, Adjustments and Repair & Maintenance –
Groundnut pod stripper: Components, Working- Chaff cutters – Manual and power operated plant protection machinery: Components, Working, Calibration, Adjustments and Repair & Maintenance – Tractor: history, class
ification and components, Power transmission, Break and Hydraulic systems. Tractor and Power tillers operation, Repair and periodical maintenance.
UNIT VII: AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURES & PROCESS ENGINEERING
Crop processing – Cleaning, grading, sorting, drying milling including size reduction, extraction, distillation, centrifugal separation of various crops like cereals, pulses, oilseeds, etc., Minimize post harvest losses by value addition to the agricultural produce – Various process technologies for cereals , pulses, oilseeds and their conveying and elevating equipment – Threshing, winnowing, rice milling equipments and various process technologies for cereals, pulses, oilseeds.
Greenhouses(GH): Introduction, Classification -Plant response to GH environment -Planning of GH facility- GH Ventilation systems in summer and winter- GH Structural and covering materials -Design criteria and construction of pipe framed GH- Greenhouse heating & energy storage and irrigation systems-Greenhouse utilization in off season – Economics of greenhouse production.
Farmstead: Definition and constitution, Various types – Planning and layout – Dairy barns – Poultry housing – Sheep and goat housing – Construction of farm buildings – Building materials – Quantity survey – Design of storage structures – Farm fencing – Farm roads – Design and construction of threshing yard.
UNIT VIII: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES & COMPUTER BASICS
Development of Agriculture in India, Agro climatic zones in Telangana State –Monsoons, Seasons, seasonal crops of Telangana State. Sustainable Agriculture and Organic farming. Fertilizers – Dry land Agriculture – Soil structure – Bulk density – Soil water movement.
Agricultural production economics in Telangana State: Definition, objectives of production economics, nature & scope and subject matter of agricultural production economics, Relationship with other sciences. Agricultural marketing, Market functions. Agro-based industries. Economic principles applied to the organization of farm business. Audio-visual aids & other extension methods and through effective communication skills for organizing meetings effectively.
Computer, Advantages and disadvantages, computer system components and their functions – MS Word, MS Excel, Power Point menu bars and Internet applications.